What is the specificity of Ayurveda?
Ayurveda does not perceive the body simply as a result of the division of a cell that has multiplied and subsequently specialized in the construction of separate organs with specific physiological functions.
Apart from the cellular structure, Ayurvedic notions of the human body include the idea of unity of the organism with the soul and mind.
Thus, for an Ayurveda, the human being has three interrelated aspects, and the disease disorders affecting either of them affect the other two.
This is the reason why there are a number of significant differences between Ayurveda and Western medicine.
The main difference of Ayurveda is in applying a holistic approach to diseases.
In Western or conventional medicine, there is a division of specialists into cardiologists, neurologists, ophthalmologists, orthopedists, and many others who specialize in the treatment and diagnosis of a specific part (system, organ) of the human body
The Ayurvedic physician, on the contrary, is trained in all directions in order to acquire the capacity for complete treatment, that is, to detect and deal with all possible diseases.
Already thousands of years ago, Ayurveda distinguished 8 medical branches that practically correspond to the directions in Western medicine, created much later. They are:
- Kaya chikitsa– consistent with general medicine;
- Bala chikitsa– analogue of pediatrics;
- Pea chikitsa– psychiatry;
- Urdwanga chikitsa– ears, nose, throat;
- Sage chikitsa– surgery;
- Damshtra chikitsa– toxicology;
- Chikitsa heat– geriatrics (aging problems and illnesses in the elderly);
- Vrushi chikitsa– meets today's reproductive medicine.
Appropriately addressing the body and disease, Ayurvedic treatment does not focus solely on a single organ, but aims at eliminating the cause of the disease.
The goal is for the whole organism to return to its natural, natural state and to start functioning normally.
This is also the reason for the treatment to take place at the same time as detox – releasing the body from accumulated toxins, observing a certain diet and daily regime, applying different spiritual practices.
Indian traditional medicine also differs significantly in its methods and remedies, which are based entirely on natural products and techniques and do not lead to the appearance of side effects.
How do diseases start according to Ayurveda?
For Ayurveda, diseases occur as a result of the disturbed balance of the three energy forces in the human body, called doshas.
The doshas are given to humans at birth, they are in a unique relationship with each other and each of them associated with a specific type of functional organism.
The equilibrium is usually found when one or two of the energies predominate.
Impaired energy balance leads to impaired body functions associated with the corresponding dosha and, accordingly, the emergence of diseases.
If the imbalance affects one of the three energies, health undergoes a slight change; the imbalance of two doshas causes more serious diseases; when there is an imbalance of all three energies, the disease is severe and the treatment difficult and prolonged.
The doshas have certain characteristics that can be amplified or reduced, thus affecting the balance, which can also be disturbed or restored.
The three energies operate at the level of the whole body, but there are zones in which they are more clearly expressed.
For energy, Kafa is the area from the head to the lower chest. It is defined as soft, oily, heavy and cold.
Equilibrium disorders in it are associated with the deposition of heavy fluids, such as mucus (runny nose, cough, cold, flu, etc.).
Secretions coming out of the mouth and nose are characteristic of an unbalanced Kafa.
The Pita energy is mainly expressed in the stomach area and is defined as liquid, light, low fat, hot, slightly mobile but deeply penetrating.
The energy Vata is the most pronounced area from the navel to the soles. It is characterized by the qualities of lightness, dryness, coldness, roughness, mobility.
Increasing doshas, as well as getting out of balance, performs on the principle of "the like increases the like".
For example, for people with Pita dosha that is hot, hot or hot foods are not recommended as they work warmly; oily and cold foods are not suitable for Kafa dosha, and the dry Vata food should be warmer and warmer.
Types of diseases according to Ayurveda
Ayurveda is a millennial practice, based on which it has reached precise and detailed classifications in all medical fields, including diagnostics.
The main division of disease, which determines the overall approach and treatment, is curable (Sadia) incurable ( Assadia) diseases.
The first group is subdivided into disease- (Suka Sadia) and hard-to-treat (Krichra Sadia) diseases.
The incurable, in turn, is divided into those in which the patient takes Ayurvedic medicines for the rest of his life (Yapya), otherwise completely incurable (Anupakrama), which cannot be helped.
Separation of treatable diseases into groups can reflect the disturbed balance of one, two or three doshas, taking into account the influence of external factors.
There is a huge classifier that covers all possible illnesses, descriptions of the causes, symptoms, treatment names, and here are just a few to illustrate the principle of classification.
Ayurveda identifies more than one type of disease: abdominal area ( Rogas stroke); associated with urinary retention (Mutragata); breast disorders (Kshira Dosas) reproductive fluid disorders (Veya Vikaras).
7 types of skin diseases (Kushta), skin problems due to diabetes (Pramea Pidakas) and herpes (Visarpa) are indicated respectively.
The following are 6 types of health problems associated with gastrointestinal disorders (Atisara) and disorders due to natural retention (Udavarta).
The following diseases are of 5 types: development of tumors in the abdomen (Gulma); enlarged spleen (Pleh); diseases with leading symptom of cough (Cassia); conditions associated with respiratory distress (Swasa); conditions with the leading symptom: hiccups (Hikka); feeling of thirst (Trishna); vomiting (Chardy); loss of taste and appetite (Aruchi); diseases related to: headache; anemia; diseases of the cardiovascular system; crazy ideas.
The enumeration can continue for a long time, with some diseases being organized into 20 varieties.
How to prepareRedved medicinal products?
Ayurvedic medicinal products are completely natural – they are mainly herbs of different shapes and oils, as well as numerous combinations of them depending on the desired effect.
Specially treated and refined metals and minerals are also used.
Medicinal products can be traditional (prepared according to the instructions in the holy books) or non-traditional.
It is a curious fact that even today the ancient principles underlying nayurvedic medicine are applied unchanged – in this case we are talking about classical Ayurveda.
Non-traditional medicinal products created in recent times (tested and patented) based on experience gained by manufacturers.
Traditional herbal remedies can be: herbal distillates (Ark), such as rose water, liqueurs naturally fermented ( Arista and Asawa); herbal marmalades or decoctions (Avalech); dried herbs powder (churn); herbal potions (Kashayam), from which tablets ( Kwamat ) are also prepared.
If the tablets are used with minerals, it is a cotton candy, and if it is in the form of thick paste, it is Pack.
Gulikaspill-shaped pills, which are a combination of herbs and minerals.
Basma is a fine powder obtained after baking at high temperature of minerals, metals and other substances.
A very popular medicinal product is grit – refined cow oil, enriched with herbs.
Tilam are called herbal healing oils, and Guggulu is a tablet containing basically Commiphora mukul – a shrub resin that is born with incense wood.
How is Ayurvedic consultation going?
As mentioned, the purpose of Ayurvedic medicine is to restore the body to its natural, natural state and start functioning normally.
This is achieved by restoring the disturbed energy balance in the body.
For this purpose, the Ayurvedic physician first determines the patient's dosha type – what energy prevails and what is the ideal set energy ratio – Prokruti.
The current state of Vikriti is then specified, which reflects deviations from the balance – they may have offset one, two, or all three doshas.
On this basis, the ayurvedic specialist determines for the patient a strictly individualized treatment plan, which includes the type and manner of administration of specific medicines, as well as the type of therapies – combination and sequence of administration.
In addition to the imbalances he has identified, the doctor gives advice on changes in habits and regimens – motor, nutrition, alternation to work and rest, etc.
To do all this, consulting with an Ayurvedic physician, in addition to a very thorough examination, includes a conversation with questions that are not directly related to the patient's complaints.
It should be borne in mind that many side factors that people do not realize play a significant role in the imbalance of doshas: life events that have been a long-term source of negative emotions, climate, place and way of work, relationships with colleagues, with family and friends, etc.
Of the factors that depend entirely on the patient, the most important is the way of eating (types of food and eating habits).
The review is very detailed as various symptoms need to be "detected" and analyzed, which point to the nature and magnitude of the energy disorders.
Various methods are used, including pulse diagnosis, eye exam, tongue, hair, nails, muscle reflection, speech, body posture, gait and more.